Regional Market Drivers in India
India is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, and its relevance to the global engine oil lubricant market is following suit. Similar to many countries advancing in this regard, India is making a transition to lubricants that provide enhanced benefits. The evolution is being supported by India’s Bharat Stage (BS) Mobile sources - Pollutant exhaust gases created by the combustion of fuel. Water and CO2 are not included in this category, but CO, NOx, and hydrocarbons are and are thus subject to legislative control. All three are emitted by gasoline engines, while diesel engines also emit particulates that are regulated. Stationary sources - The release of sulfur oxides and particulates from power stations that can be influenced by fuel composition. Local authorities control the sulfur content of heavy fuel oils used in such applications. standards requiring new vehicles to meet increasingly strict emissions goals. BS III (Euro 3 comparable) is the existing minimum standard for new vehicle sales, though many cities have already adopted BS IV (Euro 4 level)—a move that will become national by 1st April 2017. With this move, BS III will cease to exist.
Also, with the recent news of BS VI norms being applied in 2020, a huge rate of hardware development will be required with respect to introduction of after-treatment device technology. These advances, will lead to the need for higher performing lubricants, including the use of low A product of the combustion of metals commonly found in detergents. As a lubricant property, sulfated ash content is a measure of metal content (usually Zinc, Calcium, and Magnesium) and allows formulators to stay within specified limits in order to minimize the negative effects of abrasive ash particles. Sulfated ash is determined by charring the oil, treating the residue with sulfuric acid, and evaporating to dryness, the result being expressed as % by mass., phosphorus and sulphur (SAPS) lubricants as these will be needed to maintain durability in new hardware.
These advances, will lead to the need for higher performing lubricants, including the use of low sulphated Metallic deposits formed in the combustion chamber and other engine parts during high-temperature operation., phosphorus and sulphur (SAPS) lubricants as these will be needed to maintain durability in new hardware. For the Indian engine oil market, all these changes are driving the adoption of higher performing lubricants which support lower emission, more fuel efficient new vehicles.
Let’s also keep in mind the significant volume of existing, older trucks already on the roads, conforming to the earlier BS II and India 2000 standards. Whilst the lubricant requirements stated by OEMs may now be regarded as fit for purpose at that time, the subsequent evolution of additive technologies means that moving to higher performance, extended durability lubricants is also equally applicable and readily available for all of these vehicles too.
These enhanced lubricants offer increasing levels of benefits such as increased wear control, soot handling, piston deposit control, corrosion control, A reaction occurring when oxygen attacks petroleum fluids. Oxidation is accelerated by heat, light, metal catalysts, and the presence of water, acids, or solid contaminants. Oxidation leads to increased viscosity and deposit formation. control and fuel economy improvements. And the larger the move up to higher performance solutions, the bigger the potential benefit. All these equal a higher performance lubricant that helps maximize vehicle operation whilst minimizing running and maintenance costs for truck owners for the life of their vehicles.
The opportunity to use higher performance lubricants is here now, and offers real advantages to the vehicle owner. It’s all indicative of the global incentive to move to higher value solutions, and why all players have a stake as our industry evolves toward increasingly higher performance in all areas.